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Faraday Staff


Bob White FRS

Prof. Bob White FRS




Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director

Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1994, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2016. In 2018 he was awarded a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, which is their highest award, in recognition of a lifetime’s achievement in research. He is also a Fellow of the Geological Society, an elected Member of the International Society for Science and Religion and several other professional bodies; he serves on many of their committees. Since 1988 he has been a Fellow of St Edmund's College, Cambridge, prior to which he was a student and Research Fellow at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

He leads a research group investigating the Earth's dynamic crust: in particular the way in which enormous volumes of volcanic rock are produced when continents and oceans rift apart, and the movement of molten rock under active volcanoes. He has organised many overseas fieldwork projects and supervised over 55 PhD students at Cambridge, many of whom are now prominent in academia, industry, government and education. His work at sea has taken him to the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans and his research group is currently investigating the internal structure of volcanoes in Iceland. His scientific work is published in over 350 papers and articles.

 Selected Science-Religion Publications

  • Alexander, D. and White, R. S. (2004). Beyond Belief: Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges, Lion, Oxford, 219pp.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Truth in the geological sciences, in Can We Be Sure About Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernism (ed. Denis Alexander), Apollos (an imprint of Inter-Varsity Press), Leicester, pp. 187-213.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Genesis and Creation, Truth Matters, Reform article (see
  • White, R. S. (2007). The Age of the Earth, Faraday Paper 8 [see also Evangelicals Now, December 2002, 18]
  • Spencer, Nick and White, Robert (2007). Christianity, Climate Change and Sustainable Living, SPCK, 245pp. [published in USA as Spencer, Nick, White, Robert and Vroblesky, Virginia, by Hendrickson
  • White, Robert S. (editor) (2009) Creation in Crisis: Christian Perspectives on Sustainability, SPCK, 298pp.
  • White, R. S. (2012), ‘Take Ten: Scientists and their Religious Beliefs’, in Wisdom, Science and the Scriptures (eds. S. Finnamore & J. Weaver) (Oxford: Regents Park College), pp. 157R10;179.
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2013) Hope in an Age of Despair: The Gospel and the Future of Life on Earth, Inter-Varsity Press: Leicester, 224 pp., ISBN: 978-1844748778
  • Colin Bell, Jonathan Chaplin & Robert White (eds) (2013), Living Lightly, Living Faithfully: Religious faiths and the future of sustainability, The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, Cambridge, ISBN: 978-0-9559074-3-2
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2014) Let Creation Rejoice: Biblical Hope and the Ecological Crisis, Inter-Varsity Press: Illinois, ISBN: 978-0-8308-4052-6
  • Robert S White (2014), Who is to Blame? Nature, Disasters and Acts of God, (Oxford: Lion Hudson), 207 pp. ISBN 978-0-85721-4737
  • Colin Bell & Robert S. White (eds) (2016) Creation Care and the Gospel: Reconsidering the Mission of the Church, Hendrickson: Peabody, MA, 350pp., ISBN 9781619707252
  • Robert White (2016), Erdeben, Vulkane und andere Katasrophen, in Barbara Drossel (ed), Naturwissenschaftler reden von Gott, (Giessen: Brunnen), pp. 135-152.

Selected Scientific Publications

  • White, R. and  McKenzie, D. (1989). Magmatism at rift zones: The generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 7685-7729.
  • White, R. S., McKenzie, D. and O'Nions, R. K. (1992). Oceanic crustal thickness from seismic measurements and rare earth element inversions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 19,683-19,715.
  • Bown, J. W. and White, R. S. (1994). Variation with spreading rate of oceanic crustal thickness and geochemistry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 121, 435-449.
  • White, R. S., Minshull, T. A., Bickle, M. J. & Robinson, C. J. (2001). Melt generation at very slow-spreading oceanic ridges: constraints from geochemical and geophysical data. Journal of Petrology, 42, 1171-1196.
  • White, R. S., Smallwood, J. R., Fliedner, M. M., Boslaugh, B., Maresh, J. and Fruehn, J. (2003). Imaging and regional distribution of basalt flows in the Faroe-Shetland Basin. Geophysical Prospecting, 51, 215-231.
  • Harrison, A. J.  and White, R. S. (2004). Crustal structure of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: stretching and igneous intrusion, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L13615, doi: 10.129/2004GL019885.2004.
  • White, R. S., et al. (2008). Lower-crustal intrusion on the North Atlantic continental margin, Nature, 452, 460–464 plus supplementary information at, doi:10.1038/nature06687
  • White, R. S. and Smith, L. K. (2009). Crustal structure of the Hatton and the conjugate east Greenland rifted volcanic continental margins, NE Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B02305, doi:10.1029/2008JB005856
  • White, R. S., Drew, J., Martens,  H. R., Key, A. J., Soosalu, H. & Jakobsdóttir, S. S. (2011). Dynamics of dyke intrusion in the mid-crust of Iceland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 304, 300–312, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.038
  • Tarasewicz, J., Brandsdóttir, B., Robert S. White, R. S., Hensch, M. & Thorbjarnardóttir, B. (2012). Using microearthquakes to track repeated magma intrusions beneath the Eyjafjallajökull stratovolcano, Iceland, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B00C06, doi:10.1029/2011JB008751
  • Martens, H. R. & White, R. S. (2013). Triggering of microearthquakes in Iceland by volatiles released from a dyke intrusion, Geophysical Journal International, 194 (3), 1738R10;1754, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt184
  • Green, R.G., White, R.S. & Greenfield, T. (2014). Bookshelf faulting in the north Iceland volcanic rift zone, Nature Geoscience,7, 29R10;33, plus Supplementary Information, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2012
  • Green, R. G., Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Triggered earthquakes suppressed by an evolving stress shadow from a propagating dyke, Nature Geoscience, 8, 629R10;632, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2491
  • Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Building Icelandic igneous crust by repeated melt injections, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012009
  • Ágústsdóttir, T., Woods, J., Greenfield, T., Green, R. G., White, R. S., Winder, T., Brandsdóttir, B., Steinthórsson, S. & Soosalu, H. (2016). Strike-slip faulting during the 2014 Bárðarbunga-Holuhraun dike Intrusion, central Iceland. Geophysical Research Letters, plus Supplementary Information, 43, 1495­R10;1503, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067423
  • Hudson, T. S., White, R. S., Greenfield, T., Ágústsdóttir, T., Brisbourne, A. & Green, R. G. (2017). Deep crustal melt plumbing of Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074749



Keith Fox

Prof. Keith Fox

Associate Director



Keith Fox is Associate Director of The Faraday Institute and Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Southampton where he has previously been Head of the Centre for Biological Sciences. He studied Natural Sciences in Cambridge, specialising in Biochemistry, and completed a PhD in the Department of Pharmacology in 1980. He was a Research Fellow at Emmanuel College, before moving to Southampton as a lecturer in 1987 and became Professor in 2000. He is Senior Executive Editor of Nucleic Acids Research. His research interests concern DNA structure and its recognition and his scientific work has been published in over 200 papers and articles. He is a former chairman and trustee of Christians in Science and is Editor of Science & Christian Belief. He is also a licensed lay minister in the Church of England.

Hugh Rollinson

Prof. Hugh Rollinson

Course Director


Professor Hugh Rollinson is Course Director at the Faraday Institute and Emeritus

Professor Hugh Rollinson is Course Director at the Faraday Institute and Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Derby. After graduating from Oxford Hugh worked for a number of years as a field geologist in the Geological Survey of Sierra Leone. This was followed by a PhD at the University of Leicester and then a post-doc at the University of Leeds. He then joined the University of Gloucestershire and worked there for 20 years, during which time he took a three year leave of absence to work as Associate professor of geology and head of Department in the University of Zimbabwe. He then took a position as Professor of Earth Sciences and Department Head at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman for six years after which he served as Professor of Earth Sciences and Department Head at the University of Derby. Hugh is a Fellow of the Geological Society, a Chartered Geologist and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Hugh’s academic interests are in the earliest part of Earth history – the first two billion years of planetary evolution and these are summarised in his text ‘Early Earth Systems’ (Wiley-Blackwell, 2007). He has worked on some of the Earth’s oldest rocks in NW Scotland, West Africa, Southern Africa, West Greenland and Russia with the purpose of understanding how the Earth’s continental crust has formed, and more recently on modern analogues for the Earth’s ancient crust in the Oman ophiolite. He uses the techniques of geochemistry to interrogate ancient rocks, a methodology summarised in his earlier text ‘Using Geochemical Data’ (Taylor and Francis, 1993).

Hugh has had a life-long commitment to the Christian faith and has sought to integrate his beliefs with his scientific work. This has largely been through serving the local church wherever he has lived. He has a strong commitment to making the Christian faith accessible and engaging in dialogue with those who hold divergent views.


Selected academic publications


Rollinson, H.R., 1993, Using Geochemical Data: Evaluation, Presentation, Interpretation, Longman, UK. 352 pp. IBSN 0 582 0 6701 4. Now with Taylor Francis.

Rollinson, H.R. 2007. Early Earth Systems: a geochemical approach. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. 296 pp. ISBN: 1405122552.

Rollinson, H.R., Searle, M.P., Abbasi, I., Al-Lazki, A.I. and Al-Kindi M.H., 2014. Tectonic Evolution of the Oman Mountains. Special Publication of the Geological society 392, 471 pp.


Rollinson, HR. 1997. Eclogite xenoliths in West African kimberlites are residues from Archaean granitoids. Nature 389, 173-6.

Rollinson, H.R., Appel, P.W.U. and Frei, R. 2002.  A metamorphosed, early Archaean chromitite from the inner Godthabsfjord region, west Greenland: implications for the genesis of Archaean anorthositic chromites. Journal of Petrology. 43, 2143-2170.

Rollinson, H.R., 2008. The secular evolution of the continental crust: implications for crust-evolution models. G-cubed. doi:10.1029/2008GC002262.

Rollinson, H.R., 2012. Geochemical constraints on the composition of Archaean lower continental crust: partial melting in the Lewisian granulites. Earth and Planet Sci Lett., 351-352, 1-12.

Rollinson, H.R., 2015. Slab and sediment melting during subduction initiation: granitoid dykes from the mantle section of the Oman ophiolite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume 170, Issue 3 doi: 10.1007/s00410-015-1177-9

Rollinson, H.R., Adetunji, J., Lenaz, D., 2017. Constant Fe3+/SFe in Earth’s asthenospheric mantle since 3.8 Ga. Lithos, 282-283, 316-325

Rollinson, H.R. 2017. There were no large volumes of continental crust in the early Earth. Geosphere (GSA) – special thematic issue. P10.1130/GES01437.1

Spencer, C., Cavosie, A., Raub, T., Rollinson, H., Jeon, H., Searle, M, Miller, J., McDonald, B.J., Evans, N.J., EIMF, (2017). Evidence for melting mud in Earth's mantle from extreme oxygen isotope signatures in zircon. Geology, 45, 975-978.

Andrew Jackson

Dr Andrew Jackson

Director of External Affairs



Andrew Jackson joined the Faraday team as Director of External Affairs in August 2016, a newly-created role to help take

Andrew Jackson joined the Faraday team as Director of External Affairs in August 2016, a newly-created role to help take the institute into the next phase of its growth, strategic planning, fundraising and external engagement.
Andrew has a background in commercial research & development.  After taking a MA in zoology and a PhD in biomaterials, he spent 20 years working for the UK’s leading woundcare and orthopaedics company, Smith & Nephew, managing research programmes on breakthrough technologies such as biodegradable tissue adhesives, high strength implantable polymers, tissue engineering and adult-derived stem cell therapy.  Over the last 10 years he worked in technical business development, at first helping S&N sell its internal research competencies outside the company, and then working for two of the leading Cambridge product development companies, TTP and Sagentia, in both cases holding senior outward-facing roles involving colossal amounts of travel to sell R&D services to many of the world’s largest medtech companies.
Andrew says “Ever since becoming a Christian in the early 80s I have had a life-long interest in apologetics and issues at the interface of science and religion, so I am really pleased, at last, to be combining my commercial experience with my passion for integrating and applying God’s special and general revelation.”

Emeritus staff

Denis Alexander

Dr Denis Alexander

Emeritus Director



Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science

Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion,St Edmund's College, Cambridge, where he is a Fellow. Dr Alexander was previously Chairman of the Molecular Immunology Programme and Head of the Laboratory of Lymphocyte Signalling and Development at The Babraham Institute, Cambridge. Prior to that he was at the Imperial Cancer Research Laboratories in London (now Cancer Research UK), and spent 15 years developing university departments and laboratories overseas, latterly as Associate Professor of Biochemistry in the Medical Faculty of the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. There he helped to establish the National Unit of Human Genetics.

He was initially an Open Scholar at Oxford reading Biochemistry, before obtaining a PhD in Neurochemistry at the Institute of Psychiatry in London.

Dr Alexander writes, lectures and broadcasts widely in the field of science and religion. From 1992-2013 he was Editor of the journal Science & Christian Belief, and currently serves as a member of the executive committee of the International Society for Science and Religion. He gave the Gifford Lectures at St. Andrews University in 2012 and these are due to be published by CUP this month under the title 'Genes, Determinism and God'. 

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Alexander, D. R. (2001) 'Rebuilding the Matrix - Science and Faith in the 21st Century', Oxford: Lion Publishing, hb 512 pp. pb edn 2002. US hb edn 2003; French edn 2004; Turkish edn 2010; Chinese edn 2013.
  • Alexander, D.R. and White R.S. (2004) 'Beyond Belief - Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges' Oxford: Lion Publishing.
  • Alexander, D.R. (Ed + Chapter). (2005) 'Can We Know Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernity', Leicester: Apollos.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008) 'Science and religion – negotiating the 21st century rapids', in A. Bentley (ed) The Edge of Reason, London: Continuum.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008, 2nd edn 2014) 'Creation or Evolution - Do We Have to Choose?', Oxford: Monarch.
  • Alexander, D.R.and Numbers, R.L. (eds) (2010) 'Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins' University of Chicago Press.
  • Alexander, D. R. (2011) 'The Language of Genetics – an Introduction'. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press and London: Darton, Longman & Todd.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) 'A Critique of Intelligent Design' in Darwinism and Natural Theology: Evolving Perspectives (ed Andrew Robinson), Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) 'Science and Religious Belief in the Modern World: Challenges and Opportunities' in Science and Religion: Christian and Muslim Perspectives (ed David Marshall), Georgetown University Press, pp 35-45.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) ‘Creation and Evolution’ in  Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (eds James Stump and Alan Padgett), pp 233-245.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) ‘The Spirit of God in Evolutionary History’ in The Spirit in Creation and New Creation [ed Michael Welker], Eerdmans, 2012. 
  • Alexander, D.R . (2012) ‘Creación o evolución:¿tenemos que elegir?’ in E. Chuvieco (ed) Ciencia y religión en el siglo XXI: recuperar el diálogo, FUNDACIÓN RAMÓN ARECES, S.A., Madrid, Spain, pp 215-238. 
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) ‘L’age d’Adam: deux modeles pour le dialogue entre la Genese at la Science’, in Adam qui es-tu? (Lydia Jaeger, ed), Paris: Editions-Excelsis, pp. 111-128.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) ‘The Implications of Evolution for Religious Belief’ in K. Kampourakis (ed) Philosophical Issues in Public Education, Springer, pp 179-204.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) in Can Science Dispense With Religion? (ed. Mehdi Golshani), Amin Research and Cultural Center, Malaysia, pp. 21-39.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) ‘Order and emergence in biological evolution’, Faith & Thought, April, pp. 18-38.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) ‘The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion – the First Seven Years’, in The Science and Religion Dialogue [Michael Welker, ed], Peter Lang, pp73-86. 
  • Whiteway E. and Alexander, D.R. (2015) ‘Understanding the Causes of Same-Sex Attraction’, Science and Christian Belief, 27:17-40.  

Recent selected science publications

  • Ogilvy, S., Louis-Dit-Sully, C., Cassady, R.L., Alexander, D.R. and Holmes, N. (2003) J.Immunol. 171:1792-1800. 'Either of the CD45RB and CD45R0 isoforms are effective in restoring T cell, but not B cell, development and function in CD45-null mice'.
  • Turner S.D., Tooze R., Maclennan K, and Alexander D.R. (2003) Oncogene 22: 7750-61 'Vav-promoter regulated oncogenic fusion protein NPM-ALK in transgenic mice causes B-cell lymphomas with hyperactive Jun Kinase'.
  • Zhao, R., Yang, F.-T., and Alexander, D.R. (2004). Cancer Cell, 5: 37-49. 'An oncogenic tyrosine kinase inhibits DNA repair and DNA damage-induced Bcl-xL deamidation in T cell transformation'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2004) Cell Cycle 3: 584-7 'Oncogenic tyrosine kinases, DNA repair and survival'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2005) 'Biological validation of the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase as a pharmaceutical target” in L.A.Pinna and P.W.Cohen (eds) ‘Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology', Springer.
  • Turner, S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) Leukaemia 7: 1128-1134. 'What have we learnt from mouse models of NPM-ALK induced lymphomagenesis?'
  • Elliott, J.I., Surprenant, A., Marelli-Berg, F.M., Cooper, J.C., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Wooding, C., Linton, K., Alexander, D.R. and Higgins, C.F. (2005). Nat. Cell. Biol. 7: 808-816. 'Membrane phosphatidylserine distribution as a non-apoptotic signaling mechanism in lymphocytes'.
  • Salmond, R.J., Huyer, G., Kotsoni, A., Clements, L. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) J. Immunol. 2005, 175: 6498-6508. 'The src Homology 2 Domain-Containing Tyrosine Phosphatase 2 Regulates Primary T-Dependent Immune Responses and Th Cell Differentiation'.
  • Turner S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2006). Leukemia 20: 572-82. 'Fusion Tyrosine Kinase Mediated Signalling Pathways in the Transformation of Haematopoietic Cells'.
  • Zhao,, R., Oxley, D., Smith, T.S., Follows, G.A., Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Plos Biology, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050001. 'DNA Damage-induced Bcl-xL Deamidation is Mediated by NHE-1 Antiport Regulated Intracellular pH'.
  • McNeill, L. Salmond, R.J. Cooper, J.C., Carret, C.K., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Roche-Molina, M., Tandon, P., Holmes, N. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Immunity 27: 425-437. 'The differential regulation by CD45 of Lck kinase phosphorylation sites is critical for TCR signalling thresholds'.
  • Rider, D.A., Havenith, C.E.G., de Ridder, R., Schuurman, J., Favre, C., Cooper, J.C., Walker, S., Baadsgaard, O., Marschner, S., van de Winkel, J.G.J., Cambier, J., Parren, P.W.H.I. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Cancer Res. 67: 9945-9953. 'A human CD4 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of T cell lymphoma combines inhibition of T cell signaling by a dual mechanism with potent Fc-dependent effector activity'.
  • Zhao, R., Follows, G.A., Beer, P.A., Scott, L.M., Huntly, B.J.P, Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2008). New England J. Medicine, 359: 2778-2789. 'Inhibition of the Bcl-xL deamidation pathway in myeloproliferative disorders'.

Rodney Holder

Revd Dr Rodney Holder

Emeritus Course Director



Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a

Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a D.Phil. in astrophysics at Christ Church, Oxford. Following 14 years working for the UK Ministry of Defence, he returned to Oxford to study theology and was ordained in the Church of England in 1997. After several years of parish ministry he was appointed Course Director of the Faraday Institute from its inception until his retirement in January 2013. Rodney has explored ways in which science and faith complement each other in a number of books and is a regular speaker on the relationship between religion and science, especially cosmology.  He was Reviews Editor of Science and Christian Belief and was on the national committee of Christians in Science from 2006-2017. In addition, he is a Fellow of the International Society for Science and Religion, and a member both of the Society of Ordained Scientists and of the Science and Religion Forum.

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Thomas Torrance: Science, Theology, and the Contingent Universe', Participatio: The Journal of the T. F. Torrance Theological Fellowship, vol. 7, 27-48.
  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Gaia Hypothesis', 'Hoyle, Fred', 'Lakatos, Imre', 'Libertarian Free Will', 'Popper, Karl', in Paul Copan, Tremper Longman III, Christopher L. Reese, and Michael G. Strauss (eds.), Dictionary of Christianity and Science (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan), 297-298, 365-366, 404, 413-415, 522-523.
  • Holder, R. D. (2016), 'Explaining and Explaining Away in Cosmology and Theology', Theology and Science 14(3), 234-255, .
  • Holder, R. (2014), Longing, Waiting, Believing: Reflections for Advent, Christmas and Epiphany (Abingdon: The Bible Reading Fellowship).
  • Holder, R. (2014), 'Can a Multiverse Provide the Ultimate Explanation?', Faith and Thought 56, 4-18.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Why We Need Ramified Natural Theology’, Philosophia Christi, 15 (2), 271-282.
  • Holder, R. (2013), Big Bang, Big God: A Universe Designed for Life? (Oxford: Lion Hudson). 
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy. Royal Astronomical Society-Springer.
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître: A Brief Introduction to His Science, His Theology, and His Impact’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 1-7.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître and Fred Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 39-53.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Natural Theology in the Twentieth Century’, in Russell Re Manning (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘An Augustinian Perspective on Creation and Evolution’, in John Doody, Adam Goldstein and Kim Paffenroth (eds.) (2012), Augustine and Science, Series Augustine in Conversation: Tradition and Innovation, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘Lemaître and Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, Science and Christian Belief 24 (2), 111-127.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), 'Quantum Theory and Cosmology', in J. B. Stump and Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), 220-230.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), The Heavens Declare: Natural Theology and the Legacy of Karl Barth (West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Press).
  • Holder, R. D. (2011), 'God and the Multiverse: A Response to Stephen Hawking', Faith and Thought 51, 3-17.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Beyond Science: Answering the Boundary Questions', in A. M. Herzberg (ed.), Statistics, Science and Public Policy XIII: Responsibility, Prosperity and Culture. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Castle, Hailsham, UK, April 16-19, 2008, 79-84.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Thomas Torrance: 'Retreat to Commitment' or a New Place for Natural Theology?', Theology and Science 7(3), 275-296, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Science and Religion in the Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer', Zygon 44(1), 115-132.
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), Nothing But Atoms and Molecules? Probing the limits of science, Third Edition (Cambridge: The Faraday Institute) (First Edition, Crowborough: Monarch Publications, 1993).
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), 'Modern Science and the Interpretation of Genesis: Can We Learn from Dietrich Bonhoeffer?', Theology and Science 6(2), 213-231, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2007), 'Creation and the Sciences in the Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg', Communio Viatorum XLIX, 210-253.
  • Holder, R. D. (2006), 'Fine-tuning and the Multiverse', Think 12, 49-60.
  • Holder, R. D. (2005), 'God and Differing Interpretations of Quantum Theory-Response to Paul', Science and Christian Belief 17(2), 177-185.
  • Holder, R. D. (2004), God, the Multiverse, and Everything: Modern Cosmology and the Argument from Design (Aldershot, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate).
  • Holder, R. D. (2002), 'Fine-tuning, Multiple Universes and Theism', Noûs 36, 295-312.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'The realization of infinitely many universes in cosmology', Religious Studies 37, 343-350.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Karl Barth and the Legitimacy of Natural Theology', Themelios 26, 22-37.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Fine-Tuning, Many Universes and Design', Science and Christian Belief 13, 5-24.
  • Holder, R. D. (1999), 'Multiple Universes as an Explanation for Fine-Tuning', Science and Christian Belief 11, 65-66.
  • Holder, R. D. (1998), 'Hume on Miracles: Bayesian Interpretation, Multiple Testimony, and the Existence of God', Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 49, 49-65.

Photo: Nigel Bovey/The War Cry

Support staff

ZoŽ Binns

Dr ZoŽ Binns

Marketing and Events Manager



Zoë Binns is the Marketing and Events Manager at the Faraday Institute. She read Physics at Cambridge followed by

Zoë Binns is the Marketing and Events Manager at the Faraday Institute. She read Physics at Cambridge followed by a PhD with Prof. Bob White at the Dept of Earth Sciences. She then spent two years in Tanzania working with Wycliffe Bible Translators before returning to Cambridge to marry and begin work with the Faraday Institute.

Julia Greenham

Julia Greenham

Marketing and Events Manager



Julia has recently relocated to Cambridge from London and has two part-time jobs, one at St.Barnabas Church and the other

Julia has recently relocated to Cambridge from London and has two part-time jobs, one at St.Barnabas Church and the other here at the Faraday Institute. She has previously worked for arts based organizations like Greenbelt Festival and OneSound so a departure to the sciences with the Faraday Institute is a new avenue to explore for her. She enjoys dancing and singing, and is learning to enjoy cycling - a must for all who live in Cambridge.

William McVey

William McVey

Grants Manager



William manages the finances of the Faraday Institute. After working for accountants in London and Cambridge he spent 13 years

William manages the finances of the Faraday Institute. After working for accountants in London and Cambridge he spent 13 years as the accountant at Darwin College in the University of Cambridge. For four years he then travelled the world as Secretary for Finance & Stewardship with the Council for World Mission, working in and with the 31 member churches. For some years William was then the Accountant for The Perse School in Cambridge. Subsequently he became Bursar of three theological training colleges in Cambridge - Westcott House, Wesley House and the Eastern Region Ministry Course – before joining the Faraday Institute.

Eleanor Puttock

Eleanor Puttock

External Communications Officer



Following a first degree in Modern Languages from Royal Holloway in 2004 Eleanor went on to work in the fast

Following a first degree in Modern Languages from Royal Holloway in 2004 Eleanor went on to work in the fast paced industry of fashion and beauty PR as well as an events manager for major historic venues in London. In addition she studied for a PGCE (with a special interest in 7-14 year olds and SEN) and later for a Master's in Education. She has subsequently managed to juggle an academic life encompassing both teaching and research in various business related subjects including business communication, cross cultural management and marketing. Having a passion for knowledge acquisition and facilitating 'education for all' she has been involved in various research teams investigating the use of Virtual Learning Programmes in a global context. She is also a consultant for a number of education facilities and businesses whilst still finding time for country walks, cooking for friends and pursuing craft interests. She is now the External Communications Officer at the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion.

Rachel Simonson

Rachel Simonson

Institute Administrator and Office Manager

Tel: 01223 748888


Rachel Simonson is the Institute Administrator . She trained as a bi-lingual

Rachel Simonson is the Institute Administrator . She trained as a bi-lingual secretary and has worked extensively in the hospitality and charity sectors. Together with her husband Will and two children she served with A Rocha, Christians in Conservation  in Portugal from 2001 – 2009.  She is currently a Trustee of A Rocha UK and also involved in the work of Campassion, an inter-church group in Cambridge seeking to set up a Christian care home.

Research staff

Roger Abbott

Revd Dr Roger Abbott

Research Associate



Roger is Senior Research Associate in ‘Natural’ Disasters (though he is persuaded there are no disasters that are actually natural,

Roger is Senior Research Associate in ‘Natural’ Disasters (though he is persuaded there are no disasters that are actually natural, just human). He has carried out projects in Haiti, following the devastating earthquake in 2010, which explored how survivors’ Christian beliefs influenced their response to and recovery from that catastrophic event. Since 2015 to date, he is working on projects in New Orleans, the Philippines, and in Somerset, exploring the influence of faith beliefs on survivors’ relationships (with God, with their community, and with the natural environment). Following over thirty years of pastoral experience, Roger gained his Ph.D. in a practical theology of disaster response, from the University of Wales, Trinity & St. David. He has taught a university of Chester validated MA module in the pastoral response to trauma, has run a consultancy on pastoral care of trauma, and has been an active responder to traumatic incidents in the UK since 1989. He is a member of the British and Irish Association for Practical Theologians and of the Society for the Study of Theology.
He currently working on the religious and cultural impacts of natural disasters upon Christian communities, with special reference to vulnerability and resilience in Haiti in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. He has also commenced a longitudinal study in the Philippines following the response to and recovery from typhoon Yolanda. He holds a PhD in the practical theology of disaster response in the UK, which he gained from the University of Wales, Trinity and St David, following over thirty years in church pastoral ministry. He runs a consultancy in pastoral care of trauma, and he teaches University of Chester validated MA and DMin modules in the pastoral response to trauma at the Wales Evangelical School of Theology, Bridgend. He is a member of the British and Irish Association of Practical Theology
"Sit On Our Hands, or Stand On Our Feet?"
Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2013.

“Trauma, Compassion, and Community: Reconciling Opposites in the Interests of Post-traumatic Growth.” Practical Theology. 5.1 (2012): 31-46. doi: 10.1558/prth.v5i1.31

Abbott, Roger and Robert (Bob) White: “Haiti – An Unnatural Disaster: Ethics in Brief."
The Kirby Laing Institute For Christian Ethics. Volume 18 Number 3 (Spring 2013).

Ruth Bancewicz

Dr Ruth Bancewicz

Senior Research Associate



Ruth is a Senior Research Associate at The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, working on the positive interaction between

Ruth is a Senior Research Associate at The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, working on the positive interaction between science and faith. After studying Genetics at Aberdeen University, she completed a PhD at Edinburgh University, based at the MRC Human Genetics Unit. During this time she also worked at the Edinburgh Science Festival, developing and delivering hands-on science activities. She spent two years as a part-time postdoctoral researcher at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, Edinburgh University, while also working as the Development Officer for Christians in Science - a post she held for three years, before moving full-time to the Faraday Institute to develop the Test of FAITH resources, the first of which were launched in 2009. Ruth is a trustee of Christians in Science.

Ruth's Blog:

Test of FAITH:

Recent Publications in Science and Religion

Science Publications

Cara Daneel

Cara Daneel

Research Assistant



Cara is a Research Assistant supporting the work of Dr Ruth Bancewicz. After receiving her Marine Biology and Oceanography degree

Cara is a Research Assistant supporting the work of Dr Ruth Bancewicz. After receiving her Marine Biology and Oceanography degree from the University of Cape Town, South Africa, Cara has worked in conservation and education in a variety of countries; both in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Cara has a strong interest in the positive interactions between faith and science and also the endeavour to make these discussions and options more accessible and recognised in current communities.

Lizzie Henderson

Lizzie Henderson

Youth and Schools Outreach Officer and Research Assistant



Lizzie Henderson is the Youth and Schools Outreach Officer and Children's Media Project Coordinator for The Faraday Institute. She is

Lizzie Henderson is the Youth and Schools Outreach Officer and Children's Media Project Coordinator for The Faraday Institute. She is available to provide lessons, workshops and talks on the interactions of science and faith for children, young people and students in a variety of classroom, school society and other contexts. Lizzie also coordinates a project developing materials to communicate positive science-faith interactions to children aged 2-12. Lizzie's work with young people benefits directly from the diverse range of expert knowledge and novel research of The Faraday Institute staff and associates.

Lizzie holds a degree in Natural Sciences from the University of Cambridge (2013), specialising in Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology, Geology and the History and Philosophy of Science. She has a strong interest in the communication and public understanding of the interactions of science and faith and regularly participates in formal and informal discussion of the science-faith dialogue. She has also worked with children and young people in a variety of contexts for many years. Following a short-term internship with Christians in Science, she came to work full-time for The Faraday Institute in October 2013.

For more information or to book a session please contact

Hilary Marlow

Dr Hilary Marlow

Senior Research Associate



Hilary Marlow is the Principal Investigator for the project "Science and Scripture in Christianity and Islam" and an Affiliated Lecturer

Hilary Marlow is the Principal Investigator for the project "Science and Scripture in Christianity and Islam" and an Affiliated Lecturer in the Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge. She is also the Director of Studies at Girton College. She was the Course Director at the Faraday Institute until December 2016. She studied Biblical Studies at King's College London and was awarded a PhD from the University of Cambridge in 2007. Her PhD research examined the Old Testament prophets in the light of contemporary environmental ethics and was published by Oxford University Press in 2009as Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics. Before joining the Faraday Institute in January 2013, she was a Research Associate for the Scriptural Reasoning online project at Cambridge Inter-faith Programme. Prior to this she taught Old Testament and Biblical Hebrew in the Faculty of Divinity and was Research Associate in Theology and Science at the Faraday Institute. She is a member of the Editorial Committee of the Grove Books Biblical Series. Since 2010 she has been a member of the Steering Group for the Society of Biblical Literature Ecological Hermeneutics Programme Unit and on the editorial board of the Earth Bible Commentary Series.

Hilary's research focuses on reading religious Scriptures in the context of modern society, with two main emphases. The first is the Bible's depiction of the interaction between people and the natural world and relevance of this in contemporary debates on faith and the environment. This includes textual studies on the portrayal of nature, study of creation texts and their interpretation in later Jewish and Christian traditions, and theological and exegetical study on how to live well in light of current social and scientific pressures. The second concerns the ways that fruitful dialogue between different religious traditions may be enhanced by the practice of Scriptural Reasoning, in which religious believers of different faiths (in particular the three Abrahamic faiths) gather in small groups to read their Scriptures together. This includes the creation of online materials to facilitate such interactions. For many years she has been actively involved in the Christian conservation charity A Rocha and is currently a Trustee of A Rocha UK. She is also a Director of the John Ray Initiative. She regularly speaks on her research to academic and non-specialist audiences.

Selected Publications


 “The Human Condition” in The Hebrew Bible: A Critical Companion.  Ed. John Barton (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016)

“’What am I in a Boundless Creation?’ An Ecological Reading of Sirach 16 & 17” (Biblical Interpretation 22 (2014) pp. 34-50)

“The Hills are Alive: The Personification of Nature in the Psalter” in Leshon Limmudim: Essays on the Language and Literature of the Hebrew Bible in honour of A.A. Macintosh. Eds. David Baer and Robert Gordon (London: T & T Clark, 2013)

“Law and the Ruining of the Land: Deuteronomy and Jeremiah in Dialogue” (Political Theology 14 (2013) pp. 650-660)

“Ecology, Theology, Society: Physical, Religious and Social Disjuncture in Biblical and Neo-Assyrian Prophetic Texts” in “Thus Speaks Ishtar of Arbela”: Prophecy in Israel, Assyria and Egypt in the Neo-Assyrian Period. Eds. Robert P. Gordon and Hans M. Barstad, (Winona Lake: Eisenbraun, 2013)

“Creation Theology” and “Land” in Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets. Eds Mark J. Boda and J. Gordon McConville (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2012)

“Creation Themes in Job and Amos: An Intertextual Relationship?” in Reading Job Intertextually. Eds. Katharine Dell and William Kynes (London: T & T Clark, 2012)

“Justice for Whom? Social and Environmental Ethics and the Hebrew Prophets” in Ethical and Unethical Behaviour in the Old Testament. Ed. Katharine Dell (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 2010)

Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics: Re-Reading Amos, Hosea and First Isaiah. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009)

“The Other Prophet! The Voice of the Earth in the Book of Amos” in Exploring Ecological Hermeneutics. Eds. Norman Habel and Peter Trudinger, (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2008).


Alexander Massmann

Dr Alexander Massmann

Research Associate


Alexander Massmann Research Associate (   At

Alexander Massmann
Research Associate (

At the end of September 2016, Alexander Massmann joined the Faraday Institute. He is working on a project, in collaboration with Prof. Keith Fox, and is excited to explore the topic ‘Human Genome Modification and Human Dignity.’ A new method in genetics that has attracted an immense amount of attention in scholarly literature – and venture capital, too. With a biochemical complex called CRISPR/CAS9, researchers are able to make modifications in the DNA of organisms of all kinds, including humans. The precision and the relative ease of this procedure are unprecedented. While not yet in clinical use, the method is credited with a bright future in commercial and therapeutic contexts, but even in non-medical uses such as enhancing the capabilities of a healthy human person. For ethicists, this raises a wide range of questions about both the opportunities and the limits of legitimate human interventions.

His background is in theology and theological ethics. He holds a PhD from Heidelberg University, Germany, for a book dealing with the interaction of doctrine and ethics: a postdoctoral research project that engaged in the dialogue between evolutionary biology and the Christian doctrine of creation. He also gained a good amount of teaching experience in Germany.

Alexander says “Heidelberg, it turns out, is the twin city of Cambridge, and now my wife, our little son and I have had the good fortune of living in both of these vibrant historical centres. It is exciting to be part of the Faraday Institute, and I am looking forward to meeting many in the wider circle of collaborators and supporters.”

Beth Singler

Dr Beth Singler

Research Associate



Beth Singler is

Beth Singler is a Research Associate on the Human Identity in an age of Nearly-Human Machines project.  She is working with Professor John Wyatt and Professor Peter Robinson to explore the social and religious implications of technological advances in AI and robotics.

Beth’s research explores popular and religious re-imaginings of science and technology.  She is an experienced social and digital anthropologist of New Religious Movements, and her recently completed PhD thesis is the first in-depth ethnography of the ‘Indigo Children’ - a New Age re-conception of both children and adults using the language of evolution and spirituality. She has also published on the development and legitimation of Jediism and Scientology through social media.

Beth has completed three Theology and Religious Studies degrees at the Faculty of Divinity, Cambridge: undergraduate, masters and PhD.  She has taught at the Faculty on “Understanding Contemporary Religion” and “Topics in the Study of Religion” and “Spritualism, Mesmerism and, Physical research”, as well as presenting her work to the public through the Cambridge Festival of Ideas as a “Cambridge University Rising Star”.  She has also been interviewed for the BBC’s Inside Out documentary series, and by the BBC News, LBC radio, Radio 5 Live and radio 4’s Today programme. In 2017 she was one of The “Hay 30” for The hay Literary Festival.

Twitter: @BVLSingler

Selected publications:

Monograph (under contract)

“The Indigo Children: An Evolution of Self and Spirituality in a Networked New Age” (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, forthcoming)

Refereed journal articles

“‘My Brother, the Insect’: Ethnographic Research on the Indigo Children, Their New Age Cosmologies, and Spiritual Guides”, in The Journal of the British Association for the Study of Religions, DISKUS 17.2 (2015), pp 54-67

“The Indigo Child Concept and Biomedical Conspiracy Theories” in Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, (2015) Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 17-29

 “'SEE MOM IT IS REAL': The UK Census, Jediism and Social Media”, in Journal of Religion in Europe, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2014

Book chapters

“The New Age Movement and the Definition of the Child, as expressed in the Indigo Child Concept” in Parker, S., Ridgely, S. and Strhan, A (eds.) The Bloomsbury Reader in Religion and Childhood (London: UK, Bloomsbury, forthcoming)

“No Leader, No Followers: The Internet and the End of Charisma?” in Inform’s 25thAnniversary Conference Volume (Farnham, UK: Ashgate, forthcoming)

“Internet-based New Religious Movements and Dispute Resolution” in Sandberg, R. (ed.) (2015) Religion and Legal Pluralism (Aldershot UK: Ashgate)

“New Age Movement, Possession and Exorcism in”, in Laycock, J. (ed.) (2015) Spirit Possession Around the World: Possession, Communion, and Demon Expulsion across Cultures (California, USA: ABC-CLIO)

Book reviews

Campion, N (2012) Astrology and Popular Religion in the Modern West: Prophecy, Cosmology and the New Age Movement, in Religious Studies Review, Volume 40, Issue 4, pages 195–196, December 2014

Cusack, C. (2010) Invented Religions, Imagination Fiction and Faith (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate)  Reviewed in Fieldwork in Religion, Vol 5, No 2 (2010)

Collins-Mayo, S., and P. Dandelion (eds) (2010) Religion and Youth (Aldershot UK: Ashgate). Reviewed in Fieldwork in Religion, Vol 8, No 1 (2013)

Bailey, M., and G. Reddon (eds) (2010) Mediating Faiths: Religion and Socio-Cultural Change in the 21st Century (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate). Reviewed inFieldwork in Religion, Vol 8, No 1 (2013)

Caroline Tee

Dr Caroline Tee

Research Associate



Caroline Tee is Research Associate on the project Science and Scripture in Christianity and Islam. She is working alongside Dr

Caroline Tee is Research Associate on the project Science and Scripture in Christianity and Islam. She is working alongside Dr Hilary Marlow in exploring the ways in which Muslim and Christian scientists from different contexts relate their scriptures and traditions to the scientific worlds in which they operate.

Caroline is a social anthropologist of Islam and prior to this project she was postdoctoral research assistant in the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at Bristol University. Her research there focused on a major Turkish religious organisation, the Gulen Movement, and explored its engagement as a pious religious group with modern science and science education. Her research monograph derived from this research, entitled The Gulen Movement in Turkey: The Politics of Islam, Science and Modernity, is under contract with I.B. Tauris for publication in 2016.

Caroline originally studied for an undergraduate degree in English Literature at Durham University, before living and working in Turkey for five years. She subsequently gained a Masters degree in Islamic Studies at Exeter, before continuing for her PhD in Social Anthropology and Religious Studies at Bristol. Her doctoral work focused on the Alevi community in Turkey, and examined the urbanisation and reformulation of the Alevi tradition that has been on-going since the end of the 20th century.

Caroline also has research interests in the broader field of Islamic mysticism and the Sufi poetic tradition, and teaches regularly on Islam at various academic institutions in the UK. 


Monograph (under contract)

  • The Gulen Movement in Turkey: The Politics of Islam, Science and Modernity (London: I.B. Tauris, forthcoming).

Refereed journal articles

  • 2014 Tee, Caroline and Shankland, David. Said Nursi’s Notion of Sacred Science: Its Function and Application in Hizmet High School Education, in Sociology of Islam 1:3-4, pp. 209-232.
  • 2013 Tee, Caroline. The Sufi Mystical Idiom in Alevi Ashik Poetry: Flexibility, Adaptation and Meaning, in European Journal of Turkish Studies (Online publication date: 29-01-13).
  • 2010 Tee, Caroline. Holy Lineages, Migration and Reformulation of Alevi Tradition: A Study of the Dervish Cemal Ocak from Erzincan, in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol 37(3), pp. 335-392.

Book chapters

  • 2015 (in preparation by invitation) Tee, Caroline. The Dervish Cemal Ocak: an ethnographic reading of Alevi history between Dersim and western Anatolia, in Alevi Identity Revisited (eds. Hege Irene Markussen and Besim Can Zihr), Leiden: Brill.
  • 2014 Tee, Caroline. On The Path of Pir Sultan? Engagement with Authority in the Modern Alevi Movement, pp.25-39 in Contemporary Turkey at a Glance. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Local and Translocal Dynamics (eds. F. Keyman, A. Kaya, O. Onursal, K. Kamp) Wiesbaden: Springer.
  • 2013 Tee, Caroline. Seyfili Dede: The Life History of an Alevi Dede-Ashik, pp.155-169 in Archaeology, Anthropology and Heritage in the Balkans and Anatolia: The Life and Times of F.W. Hasluck (ed. David Shankland) Istanbul: Isis Press.

Other articles

  • 2012   Dervish Cemal Ocak: Bati Anadolu’da kutsal bir tarihi yeniden hatirlamak (The Dervish Cemal Ocak: Reclaiming a Sacred History in Western Anatolia), in The Voice of Alevis, Vol. 160, Special Issue: Alevi Geography.


  • 2010 Turkish to English translation of Amed Gokcen’s Notes from the Field: Yezidism: A New Voice and an Evolving Culture in Every Setting, in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol 87(3), 405-427.

Book reviews

  • 2013 Hakan M. Yavuz, Towards an Islamic Enlightenment: The Gulen Movement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). Reviewed in American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), vol. 31.1.
  • 2015 Iren Ozgur, Islamic Schools in Modern Turkey: Faith, Politics, and Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). Reviewed in International Journal of Turkish Studies, vol. 21.
  • 2015 (in preparation) Kimberly Hart, And Then We Work for God: Rural Sunni Islam in Western Turkey (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2013). For review in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society (JRAI).

Joseph Tennant

Dr Joseph Tennant

Research Associate



Joseph Tennant is a Research Associate on the Mystical Experiences in Temporal

Joseph Tennant is a Research Associate on the Mystical Experiences in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Project. He is working with Prof Alasdair Coles, Dr. Sofia Eriksson, and Dr. Joanna Collicutt on better understanding the psychology and neurology of religious experience by investigating euphoric or transcendent auras that sometimes accompany seizures in some patients with epilepsy. This project investigates both the physiological origins of these auras as well as the way in which patients understand and interpret them.

Joseph is a cultural psychologist specializing in the psychology of religion and morality. His dissertation focused on a comparative study of Atheists and Evangelicals in the American Midwest, which investigated the differences between these groups in both the types of moral judgments they used as well as the justifications they employed. His previous work investigated the psychological and demographic predictors of creationist belief.

Joseph received his PhD in Comparative Human Development from the University of Chicago. Before that he received his bachelors degree in psychology from the University of Kansas, with a minor in qualitative methods for the social sciences. His research interests include morality, religion, religious politics in the United States, and mixed methodology in psychological research.

Amy Unsworth

Dr Amy Unsworth

Research Associate



    Dr Amy Unsworth is a Research Associate at the Faraday Institute and

Dr Amy Unsworth is a Research Associate at the Faraday Institute and a
Visiting Research Fellow at the Centre for Science, Knowledge and Belief
in Society at Newman University. She is currently investigating
perceptions of science amongst religious (Christian and Muslim) and
non-religious publics in Britain using both quantitative and qualitative
methods. She gained a PhD in Biology at University College London and
subsequently studied Science Communication at Birkbeck College. She has
previously researched and developed contemporary science exhibitions and
public events at The Science Museum, London, worked as a post-doctoral
researcher for "Science, Culture and Modernity", part of a British Council
intercultural dialogue project and has taught undergraduate modules in
"Science and Faith" at Imperial College London.


Rebecca Watson

Dr Rebecca Watson

Research Associate



Rebecca Watson is Research Associate in 'the sea in Scripture', conducting a study of the biblical material on the oceans

Rebecca Watson is Research Associate in 'the sea in Scripture', conducting a study of the biblical material on the oceans in order to develop a biblical theology of the sea. The aim is to apply this to how Christians should treat the ocean, the creatures living in it and the resources it contains.

Her theological studies began with a BA from Oxford University, and an MA in Theological Research from Durham, before she returned to Oxford to complete a DPhil examining putative occurrences of the theme of 'chaos' in the Psalter. This research was then expanded in a book looking more widely at Old Testament passages thought to reflect a divine battle with a dragon or the sea. Her first post was as a Lecturer in Biblical Studies at what is now the University of Cumbria and Senior Tutor for the ministerial training course for the north west. This was followed (after a career break) with three years working within the Cambridge Theological Federation as a Lecturer and Director of Studies for the Eastern Region Ministry Course (ERMC). She is also an affiliated lecturer of the University of Cambridge.

Rebecca has interests in the Psalter, particularly as read from a psychological perspective, and in the relation between the Bible and the wider ancient Near East, especially as it impacts on the understanding of the sea.


  • Chaos Uncreated: A Reassessment of The Theme of 'Chaos' in the Hebrew Bible (BZAW 341; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005).
  • ''I Shall Not Want'? A Psychological Interpretation of Psalm 23' in New Directions in Biblical Studies: Social Scientific and Cultural Approaches. Eds. David Chalcraft, Rebecca S. Watson and Frauke Uhlenbruch (Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix, forthcoming).
  • ''Therefore we will not fear'? The Psalms of Zion in Psycho-Linguistic Perspective' in The City in the Hebrew Bible. Eds. Hilary Marlow and James Aitken (Oxford: OUP, subject to confirmation).